How many Mercy Petitions Are Pending In India ?

As per the information received from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), only one execution has been carried out since year 2000. Details of cases pending for execution are not maintained centrally. However, presently 12 mercy petition cases of 17 death convicts are pending under Article 72 of the Constitution of India. The details of these pending mercy petition cases are given below:


Sl. No. Name of Condemned prisoner (s) & State/UT
1 Gurmeet Singh, Uttar Pradesh
2 Dharam Pal, Haryana
3 Suresh and Ramji, Uttar Pradesh
4 Simon, Gnana Prakash, Madaiah and Bilavendra, Karnataka
5 Praveen Kumar, Karnataka
6 Mohd. Afzal, Delhi
7 Saibanna, Karnataka
8 Jafar Ali, Uttar Pradesh
9 Sonia and Sanjeev, Haryana
10 Sunder Singh, Uttarakhand
11 Atbir, Delhi
12 Balwant Singh Rajoana, Chandigarh


Three mercy petition cases of five death convicts have been rejected recently and they have approached the courts against the rejection of mercy petitions and are thus sub-judice.


The cases of mercy petitions are processed expeditiously in consultation with the concerned Governments/Departments and President’s Secretariat for a final decision of the President of India under Article 72 of the Constitution. However, the power under Article 72 of the Constitution does not contain any limitation as to the time, in which the power conferred might be exercised.

This was stated by Shri Mullappally Ramachandran, Minister of State of Home Affairs in written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha

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