|Analysis of ground water level data collected by Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) under the Ministry of Water Resources reveals that ground water levels have declined in some parts of the country. In order to address the issue of depletion of ground water, the following measures have been undertaken by the Government :
In addition, awareness programmes are organised by the respective State Governments as well as Government of India. A Web Enabled Ground Water Information System (WEGWIS) has also been launched.
To encourage non-governmental organizations (NGOs) / gram Panchayats / urban local bodies / institutions / corporate sector and individuals for adoption of innovative practices of augmentation of ground water, promoting water use efficiency, recycling & re-use of water and creating awareness through people’s participation, the Ministry of Water Resources has instituted Ground Water Augmentation Awards and National Water Award.
Analysis of water level data of observation wells of CGWB of May 2006 and May 2009 indicate decline in ground water table in about 57% of the wells and rise in about 43% of the wells during the period. Following are the state-wise details:
Comparative Statement Showing Fluctuation during May 2006 with May 2009 of Water Levels in respect of observation wells monitored by CGWB
|State||No. of wells Analysed by CGWB||Wells indicating rise in ground water table||Wells indicating fall in ground water table|
|No.||No. as % of total||No.||No. as % of total|
|Gujarat & Daman-Diu||629||301||47.85||328||52.15|
|Jammu & Kashmir||123||58||47.15||65||52.85|