What is the Per Capita Income Of India ?



The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Statistics and Programme Implementation Shri Srikant Kumar Jena has said that the Per Capita Income at the national level, which was Rs. 24,143 in the year 2004-05, stands at Rs. 54,835 in the year 2010-11, showing an increase of more than 120%. The details of State/UT-wise per capita income (Net State Domestic Product at factor cost) at current prices, for the years 2004-05 to 2009-10, as compiled and provided by the Directorates of Economics & Statistics of the States, are given in the table at Annex.

 

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today he said, the per capita income of several States is more than the national average. However, the regional imbalance and disparity among various States and UTs in the country is largely due to historical difference in initial conditions, natural resource endowments, level of industrialization and differences in human capital indicators viz. education, health, etc. Per capita income is only an indicator of the disparity and not the cause.

 

The Minister said, the Government has been taking several measures to increase the per capita income of States in a balanced manner.  The Eleventh Five Year Plan (EFPY) takes cognizance of the disparities among States, regions within States. One of the basic objectives of the development planning in India is to reduce economic inequalities and raise the level of economic development in the country in a balanced manner. With a view to bring down disparities, the EFPY monitors 13 out of 27monitorable national targets state-wise. The policy instruments in this regard include plan and non-plan transfer of resources from the Centre to the States favouring less developed states, establishment of public sector units, tax incentives for setting up of private industries in the backward regions, etc. A number of programmes have been initiated to reduce income disparity between States. These include Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF), Hill Area Development Programme/ Western Ghats Development Programme, etc.

Annexure

PER CAPITA NET STATE DOMESTIC PRODUCT AT CURRENT PRICES
(Rupees)
Sl. State\UT 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
No. (Prov.) (Prov.)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
1. Andhra Pradesh 25321 28539 33135 39727 45007 51025 60458
2. Arunachal Pradesh 27719 29473 31840 36697 43445 51405 NA
3. Assam 16782 18396 19737 21290 24195 27197 30413
4. Bihar 7914 8341 10249 11589 14629 16715 20069
5. Jharkhand 18510 18326 19789 24789 24865 27132 29786
6. Goa 76426 85299 94512 107311 119273 132719 NA
7. Gujarat 32021 37780 43395 50016 55140 63961 NA
8. Haryana 37842 42133 49892 58090 67757 78781 92327
9. Himachal Pradesh 32564 35850 38931 42076 46019 50365 58493
10. Jammu & Kashmir 21314 22813 24443 26285 28332 30582 33056
11. Karnataka 26804 31166 35969 42345 47604 52097 59763
12. Kerala 31871 36276 40419 45700 52012 59179 NA
13. Madhya Pradesh 15442 16631 19028 20935 23757 27250 NA
14. Chattisgarh 18559 20117 24800 29385 34360 38059 44097
15. Maharashtra 35915 41624 49568 57218 62454 74027 83471
16. Manipur 18640 20395 21419 23093 24773 27332 29684
17. Meghalaya 24086 26284 30952 34321 40628 43555 48383
18. Mizoram 24662 26698 28764 32488 38582 45982 NA
19. Nagaland 30271 33792 36568 39985 45353 NA NA
20. Odisha 17380 18618 21980 27560 30121 33226 36923
21. Punjab 33103 36142 41740 49195 54633 60746 67473
22. Rajasthan 18565 20275 24055 26882 30592 34042 39967
23. Sikkim 26693 30256 32203 36452 46989 68731 81159
24. Tamil Nadu 30062 35243 42288 47606 54140 63547 72993
25. Tripura 24394 26668 29081 31111 33350 35799 38493
26. Uttar Pradesh 12950 14222 15998 17786 20342 23395 26051
27. Uttarakhand 24726 29423 35111 42619 50674 59584 68292
28. West Bengal 22649 24720 27823 31567 35513 41219 NA
29. A & N islands 40921 44754 53778 61430 69186 74340 NA
30. Chandigarh 74173 84993 97568 102980 108486 118136 128634
31. Delhi 61560 68933 78741 89212 101381 116886 135814
32. Puducherry 48302 67205 68673 74201 79306 88158 98719
All India 24143 27123 31198 35820 40605 46492 54835
NA- Not Available

 

Source: for Sl. No. 1-32 — Directorate of Economics & Statistics of respective State Governments, and for All-India — Central Statistics Office

 

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