The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which became operative with effect from 1st April, 2010, prescribed that Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR) in schools should be maintained as per the following specified levels:
A. For classes 1 to V:
(i) Two teachers for upto sixty admitted children
(ii) Three teachers for 61-90 children
(iii) Four teachers for 91-120 children
(iv) Five teachers for 121-200 children
(v) One head Teacher, other than the five teachers, if the number of admitted children exceeds 150 and the PTR (excluding Head Teacher) shall not exceed forty if the number of admitted children is above 200.
B. (i) At least one teacher per class so that there shall be at least one teacher each for (a) Science and Mathematics: (b) Social Studies: and (c) Languages.
(ii) At least one teacher for every 35 children:
(iii) Where admission of children is above 100, there shall be (a) a full time head-teacher and (b) part time instructors for Art Education, Health & Physical Education and Work Education.
Since inception Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) in 2001-02, 19.14 lakh posts of teachers have been sanctioned till October, 2011. The PTR at National level has improved from 36 at Elementary level in 2005-06 to 33 and 31 at Primary and Upper Primary level respectively as per District Information System, for Education (DISE) n- 2009-10.
This information was given by Dr. D. Purandeswari, Minister of State for Human Resource in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha