What is the Ratio of Female and Male Work Force in Agriculture Sector ?



A Statement showing the State-wise number of landless agricultural workers (men and women) is annexed. The per thousand distribution of female and male workforce in agriculture sector is 463 and 536 respectively.

State-wise male and female agricultural workers

 (Source, Census 2001)

S.No No. Name of the 5tate/UTs

Number of Agricultural Labourers

Male

Female

Total

1. Andhra Pradesh

6453741

7378411

13832152

2. Arunachal Pradesh

10329

8511

18840

3. Assam

832508

431024

1263532

4. Bihar

8730251

4687493

13417744

5. Chhatisgarh

1262559

1828799

3091358

6. Goa

15970

19836

35806

7. Gujarat

2509651

2652007

5161658

8. Haryana

717133

561688

1278821

9. Himachal Pradesh

55658

38513

94171

10 Jammu & Kashmir

190339

56082

246421

11. Jharkhand

1485322

1365975

2851297

12. Karnataka

2620927

3606015

6226942

13. Kerala

1078354

542497

1620851

14. Madhya Pradesh

3518368

3882302

7400670

15. Maharashtra

4924034

5891228

10815262

16. Manipur

499~8

63702

113630

17. Meghalaya

90888

80806

171694

18. Mizoram

12775

14008

26783

19. Nagaland

15985

14922

30907

20. Orissa

2587196

2411908

4999104

21. Punjab

1104140

385721

1489861

22. Rajasthan

1055332

1468387

2523719

23. Sikkim

8762

8238

17000

24. Tamil Nadu

4256360

4381270

8637630

25. Tripura

162640

113492

276132

26. Uttar Pradesh

8245599

5155312

13400911

27. Uttrakhand

190494

69189

259683

28. West Bengal

5080236

2282721

7362957

29. A & N Islands

4043

1126

5169

30. Chandigarh

461

102

563

31. Dadra & Nagar  Haveli

5429

9286

14715

 

32. Daman & Diu

347

976

1323

33. Deihi

11224

4549

15773

34. Lakshadweep

00

00

00

35. Puducherry

42117

30134

72251

Total

57329100

49446230

106775330

 

 

* NOTE:  India and Manipur figures exclude Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divs of Senapati District in Manipur State as census results were cancelled due to administrative and technical reasons.

As per Economic Survey, 2010-11, the agriculture sector accounts for 12.3% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2009-10.

With a view to providing social security to unorganized workers, including agricultural workers, the Government enacted the “Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008”.  The Act provides for constitution of National Social Security Board to recommend social security schemes viz.  life and disability cover, health and maternity benefits, old age protection and any other benefit as may be determined by the Government for unorganized workers.

The Government launched the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana to provide smart card based cashless health insurance cover of Rs. 30,000/- per annum on family floater basis to BPL families ( a unit of five) in the unorganised sector, including agricultural labourers.  The scheme became operational from 01.04.2008.  The scheme is presently being implemented in 25 States/ UTs and more than 2.4 crore smart cards have been issued as on 31.08.2011. Remaining States are in the process of implementing the scheme.

               The Aam Admi Bima Yojana (AABY) was launched on 02.10.2007 with a view to providing insurance cover to the head of family or one earning member of rural landless households between the age of 18 years and 59 years. Under the scheme, the head of the family or an earning member of the family is eligible to receive the benefits of Rs. 30,000/- in case of natural death, Rs.75, 000/- accidental death, Rs. 75000/- for total permanent disability (loss of two eyes or two limbs or loss of one eye or one limb in accident) and Rs. 37,500/- for partial permanent disability (loss of one eye and one limb in accident).  AABY also includes Shiksha Sahyog Yojana (SSY), a free add-on benefit of scholarship of Rs. 100 per month up to a maximum of two children of the beneficiaries studying between class IX and XII.  More than 1.78 lives have been covered as on 31.07.2011

The Government has been implementing Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension which has been expanded by revising the criteria of eligibility.  All citizens above the age of 60 years and living below poverty line are eligible for benefits under the scheme.  For persons above the age of 80 years, the amount of pension has been raised from Rs. 200 to Rs. 500 per month.

The Minister of  Labour and Employment Shri Mallikarjun Kharge  gave this information in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha .

 

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